Climate in Turkey

Turkey, a vast country, does not fall under one climatic zone. Country’s diverse regions are part of different climatic zones, which are defined based on factors such as location, surface relief, surface wind and upper air circulation. The entire country can be divided into four climatic zones namely, Mediterranean, Continental, Steppe and Oceanic climate.


Weather of Turkey across the coastal region contrasts with that prevailing in the inlands. The coastal region, comprising of areas of Marmara and Aegean Sea, displays a Mediterranean climate featuring cool, rainy winters and hot, moderately dry summers. Records state that the annual precipitation in these areas ranges between 580 and 1,300 millimetres. One can experience less rainfall in the eastern side of this region. Winter temperature of Turkey in this region may drop down to freezing point for areas situated on higher altitudes.


The oceanic type of climate can be experienced in the areas enveloping the Black Sea. Moderate type of weather is prevalent, featuring warm and not hot summers as well as cool and not cold winters. As precipitation is evenly dispersed throughout the year, this climatic zone lacks a dry season. Owing to this, the cities of Samsun and Trabzon receive highest amount of rainfall in Turkey. Precipitation is most common in the eastern part of the Black Sea region. With an average annual rainfall of 2200 millimetres, climate of Turkey across this region remains cool all year long.


Hot humid summers and extremely cold winters are the features of the steppe type of climate of Turkey. It is prevalent in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey and encompasses a larger part of Ankara, the capital city. The interior of Turkey experience a continental climate with distinct seasons.


Though divided into different climatic zones, the climate in Turkey primarily comprises four distinct seasons, which is winter, summer, spring and autumn. November to February is the winter time in almost all regions of Turkey. During this season, days are generally cold with average temperature in Turkey ranging between 0°C to 10°C. Except the eastern part, winters in Turkey are milder. Eastern part of Turkey, encounters heavy snowfall from mid-November until the end of March. May and June are the summer months of Turkey. The average temperature of Turkey in the summer months is around 32°C, but in eastern region the maximum temperature can be far below the average. Spring and autumn are considered to be the best seasons of Turkey owing to the pleasant weather conditions prevalent during this time.


Information on Weather in Turkey

Owing to the vast area and irregular topography, the weather in Turkey is quite diverse. Different Turkish regions encounter varied climatic conditions in different seasons, mainly comprising of summers to winters. One can enjoy a pleasant Mediterranean climate in the coastal region of Aegean and Mediterranean region, with warm summer months, which extend from May through October. This region receives minimal and at times no rainfall. The climate of Turkey, here, in winter months is mild and rainy, minus the snowfall.


The city of Istanbul, lying in the Marmara region, witnesses a slightly different climate, which is a mix of oceanic and semi-Mediterranean climate of Turkey. Though the summer months are as warm as those of the Aegean and Mediterranean coastal areas, the precipitation rate is a little higher. Besides, one can experience cold and snowy winters in Istanbul. The water temperature of the Sea of Marmara is colder than the Aegean and Mediterranean Sea during the winter months.


Towards the Black Sea region, across the cities of Samsun and Trabzon, one can enjoy complete oceanic climate with greatest amount of precipitation. These cities experience warm and humid summers, whereas the winter months are cool and damp. With little snowfall in the coastal part and mountain side, the Black Sea coast boasts of much cooler temperature than the Sea of Marmara.


En route to Central Anatolia, one can witness a combination of continental and steppe weather in Turkey. This region, including the city of Ankara, witnesses high humidity, with hotter summers and colder winters. The area of Erzurum and Kars, making up the eastern region, are the only cities which encounter cooler summers with moderate precipitation. Near the Syrian border, south of the country, one can experience desert-like climate with hot sweltering summers and no rainfall. However, the cold and snowy winter months of this region are a relief from the unpleasant hot summers.


For a quick glance, the average temperature in Turkey across different regions throughout the year is (in degree Celsius):


Locations/Months Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Antalya 10 11 13 16 20 25 28 28 25 20 15 12
Izmir 9 10 11 16 20 25 28 27 23 18 15 10
Istanbul 5 6 7 12 16 21 23 23 20 16 12 8
Trabzon 6 6 7 11 15 20 22 22 19 15 12 9
Ankara 0 1 5 11 16 20 23 23 18 13 8 2
Diyarbakir 2 2 8 14 19 26 31 31 25 17 10 4
Erzurum -9 -7 -3 5 11 15 19 20 15 9 2 -5



Weather Forecast Turkey

Weather Forecast Turkey


Located at the intersection of the two continents Europe and Asia, the Eurasian country of Turkey extends more than 1,600 kilometres (1000 miles) from west to east. The western part of this Eurasian country, the Turkish Thrace, west of the Bosporus, is located in Europe. The climate of Turkey in this region is greatly influenced by the bordering countries of Greece and Bulgaria. The rest of the country, comprising of the Anatolia region, is geographically in Asia, with high plateau. Sharing its borders with Georgia, Armenia and Iran, the eastern Anatolia region is mountainous and experiences harsh continental climate with long winters.


The northern (Black Sea) and southern Anatolia region is enveloped by Pontic ranges and the Taurus & Anti-Taurus ranges, respectively. There are, therefore, significant differences in weather within Turkey. Ankara, the capital of the country and the second largest city after Istanbul, experiences continental climate similar to that of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. On the other hand, the eastern side of the country, lying in close proximity to high mountain ranges, witness harsh climate with very cold winters.


The Eastern Anatolia region, Erzurum, encounters long winters with snow blanketing the ground between November and March. Temperature in Turkey across the eastern region during these months ranges between 0° Celsius and -12° Celsius. In comparison to the eastern region, temperate of Turkey across the Ankara region is less extreme during winters, with an average temperature around 0° Celsius during the day and around -5° Celsius during the night. Summers in Ankara are hot and dry and last from June through September, with around 26° Celsius to 30° Celsius temperature recorded during the day, which drops to 12° Celsius at night. Climate in Turkey across Erzurum is wet, warm and humid during summers, with an average temperature of 20° Celsius to 26° Celsius.


Precipitation in Ankara is low, but can be observed throughout the year. The months of April, May and December receive an average rainfall of 50 mm. July and August are pleasant months, with few days of rainfall. Erzurum, on the other hand, witnesses heavy precipitation with an average of 75-80 mm in the months of April and May. It is only in winter months, December and January that the precipitation is low in this region as compared to Ankara.


A quick glance at the temperature in the capital city Ankara:


Month             Avg Min Temp (°C) Avg Max Temp (°C)


January                       -3                                             4

February                      -3                                             6

March                          1                                             12

April                             5                                             17

May                              9                                             21

June                            12                                            26

July                              15                                            29

August                         15                                            29

September                  11                                            26

October                       7                                             19

November                   2                                             13

December                   -1                                             6


On the other hand, the annual variation in temperature in Erzurum:


Month             Avg Min Temp (°C) Avg Max Temp (°C)


January                       -12                                           -4

February                      -11                                           -2

March                          -6                                             2

April                              1                                             11

May                              4                                             16

June                            8                                             21

July                              12                                            26

August                         11                                            26

September                  7                                             22

October                       2                                             14

November                   -3                                             6

December                   -8                                             -1


Overview of Turkey Weather

Overview of Turkey Weather


Bordering the Black Sea, Turkey is surrounded by Georgia and Armenia to the northeast, with Iran to its east and Iraq to the southeast. This Eurasian country is surrounded by the Syrian Arab Republic and the Mediterranean to the south, the Aegean Sea to the west as well as Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest. The geographical location of the country affects the weather of Turkey.  Owing to its topographic irregularity across its seven regions, one can encounter sub-climates in Turkey.


Climate of Turkey is varied like its geographic diversity and comprises different seasons. While the coastal regions witness Mediterranean climate, the inland Anatolia Plateau has hot summers and cold winters with low density of rainfall. The east has Anatolian Continental climate, while the west experiences Balkan climate. Not only can one encounter varied climatic conditions in different regions of the country, but can also experience inconsistency in weather of Turkey between day and night.


Spring is said to be the best season of Turkey because all the seven regions of the country encounter a moderate temperature. This is a high season for Istanbul and Cappadocia with innumerable tourists thronging the region. On the other hand, spring accounts to be an off season for areas of the Aegean and Mediterranean region. Autumn is considered to be the second best season of Turkey with a mild weather and 8 to 9 hours of sunshine a day. The pleasant weather attracts numerous tourists during this season, with ample of activities available for them.


Five of the seven Turkish regions experience hot summers with limited rainfall. During this season, the seaside areas of Aegean and Mediterranean region are crowded with tourists. Winter months in Turkey are chilly and rainy with cold days prevalent everywhere, except the southeast region. Even though the temperature of Turkey across this region remains quite moderate, the footfall of visitors is low.


For casual visitors, the best time to visit Turkey is during the spring months, from April to mid June; followed by the autumn season in September and October. One can explore Eastern Turkey from late June till mid September. Those who wish to travel to the Black Sea region can plan a trip during the months of April and September. Owing to the pleasant weather prevalent in the area, the months of April to June and September to November are considered best to plan a tour to Western Turkey.


Varied weather condition of the diversified Istanbul

Istanbul, one of the most popular places in the entire country, is a year-round destination. The place boasts of moderate climate, which is segregated into four distinct seasons, namely summer, spring, autumn and winter. The annual average temperature in Istanbul varies from 4° Celsius to 27° Celsius.


One can even experience different sub-climates in Istanbul itself, owing to its topographic diversities. If the Mediterranean climate is prevalent in the areas surrounding the Bosphorus Strait, then towards the north, one will encounter wet Black Sea climate. The east and the west respectively have Anatolian Continental and Balkan climate. Not only can one encounter varied climatic conditions in different parts of the city, but also witness different climates in one single day. It may be snowing in one part, while the other area in the city may be soaked in sun.


However, taking into consideration the entire city, the summer season, between the months of June and September, is quite hot, with the average temperature in Istanbul recorded more than 40° Celsius. Owing to the rapid winds, the climate is quite humid, which can be uncomfortable at times. The rainfall during this season is minimal. The summer season is followed by the autumn season, which extends from September to October. The days are generally overcast, with people encountered by surprises as the weather in Istanbul is not that consistent and reliable.


The end of the autumn season in Istanbul marks the beginning of the cold and chilly winters, with the temperature dropping below zero on many occasions. Moreover, chill winds and snow is not uncommon during this time of the year. Istanbul experiences spring months, between April and May, which is pleasant and perfect for an outing with loved ones.


July and August are the hottest months, with the temperature recorded around 28° Celsius. In contrast, the coldest month is February, with average temperature of around 2° Celsius. The average annual precipitation in Istanbul is around 439 mm and monthly average is around 37 mm. December receives highest rainfall, whereas August is the driest among all the months.


For quick glance, the temperature in Istanbul throughout the year is:


Month                        Avg Min Temp (°C)            Avg Max Temp (°C)


January                     3                                              8

February                    2                                              9

March                         3                                              11

April                            7                                              16

May                             12                                            21

June                           16                                            25

July                             18                                            28

August                       19                                            28

September                 16                                            24

October                      13                                            20

November                  9                                              15

December                  5                                              11


Today’s temperature, along with that of the coming three days:


Day                             Avg Min Temp (°C)             Avg Max Temp (°C)


Friday                                     8                                              12

Saturday                                12                                            14

Sunday                                  7                                              13

Monday                                  10                                            11


Weather in Turkey: The Country Has it All

When it comes to weather in Turkey, the country really has it all, skiing of the highest order in Winter and some of the longest, warmest summers to be found in a short-haul radius of the UK. If you want to go for a holiday to Turkey, you can pretty much find an area with the climate to suit you, as well as pretty much everything else to your liking.

Turkey spans three continents and has three coastlines. You have the Black Sea Coast to the north, which is predominantly humid, not as hot as the Mediterranean coast, but water warm enough to swim in and balmy nights perfect for moonlight walks along the beach. Of course, the Turkish cultural center is onto the Black Sea, a reason for the popularity of Istanbul as a tourist destination.

Then you have the Mediterranean to coast spanning south east to south and offering the typical climate you’d expect to find on the Med; put simply: long hot summers and mild winters. In Turkey, as with other places on the med, the season is longer on the Med than elsewhere.

And last but by no means least the Aegean Coast from the south to south west, which offers the perfect climate for us Brits. Not too hot, not too sticky but a lot warmer than the UK, and more importantly warm enough to sunbathe on the beach or swim in the sea. The Aegean region is also famous for offering some of the highest levels of value for money in its property sector.