Turkey Weather Overview
Turkey is the geographic meeting point of Europe and Asia, and thus, is rightly referred to as a Eurasian country. Similar to its geographic location, the weather in Turkey is also a meeting point for several distinct climates as well as weather patterns. The sea stretching on three sides of the country, proximity to mountain ranges and the varied geographical formations play a significant role in the climatic diversification. One can witness varied climates in Turkey with changing seasons in different regions. Turkey is divided into seven major geographic and climatic zones. These are the Black Sea region, the Marmara region, Aegean region, the Mediterranean region, the central Anatolian region, the eastern Anatolian region and the south-eastern Anatolian region.
The coastal areas nearby Mediterranean, Marmara and Aegean Sea, comprising cities of Izmir and Antalya are bestowed with a typical Mediterranean climate. The temperature of Turkey across these regions is high during hot, dry and sunny summers and low during cold and rainy winters. Moreover, one can encounter cold snaps with snowy winters in Istanbul. Climate in Turkey across these coastal regions is mild because of the influence of the surrounding sea. Travelling towards south of Turkey, across Bodrum, one can experience increase in temperature by few degrees.
The central region of Turkey, around Anatolia and encompassing Ankara, which is shielded from the sea by the Northern Anatolian Mountains and the Taurus Mountain Range, displays continental climate. In this region, one can witness extreme temperature differences between day and night as well as summer and winter months. By the time rain cloud passes over the mountains and reaches central Anatolia region, its capacity to produce rain becomes insignificant; therefore, precipitation in this region is relatively infrequent.
Encompassing the towns of Karakose and Erzurum, the eastern region of Turkey is greatly influenced by the climatic conditions of the bordering countries of Georgia and Iraq. This region of Turkey has long and cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot summers, which last for a few months only. Temperature of Turkey across this region can drop down to -17° Celsius to -19° Celsius, with snow blanket covering the entire region for about two months.
In a nutshell, climate in Turkey can be classified into following three categories:
Mediterranean: Hot and dry summers; mild and wet winters
Continental: Hot and dry summers; cold and harsh winters
Black Sea: Temperate and wet all year long
Average Temperatures by region (in degree Celsius):
Eastern Anatolia 8.1
S. East Anatolia 16.0
Central Anatolia 0.7
Black Sea 12.5