It is commonly said that one can encounter each of the four seasons on the same day in some or the other region of Turkey. The major reason behind this variation in weather of Turkey is its irregular and vast topography. Summers in Turkey during the months of July and August are quite hot, with hardly any precipitation. Those residing near the Aegean and Marmara regions can experience Mediterranean climate with sweltering summers. Temperature during these months can rise above 30O Celsius, with the sea breeze having a calming effect.
Climate of Turkey across the Black Sea region is cooler, with high percentage of precipitation. Towards the highlands, one can witness hot summers and cold, snowy winters. Mountains situated in close proximity to the coast prevent the Mediterranean influences from extending to the interior of Turkey. The inlands of the country display a continental climate with distinguished seasons. Southeastern region of Turkey reflects an amalgamation of two climates, namely the continental climate of the Central Anatolia and the Mediterranean climate. This region experiences long, hot summers and rainy winters, which last for only a few months.
April, May, October and November are the best months to enjoy a Turkish Holiday. The Turkish weather during the spring and autumn months is lower than that prevalent in the summers, with an average of 10° Celsius to 20° Celsius.
Starting from November, winters in Turkey last until February. However, the eastern region is exposed to winters for a longer duration, which extends until the end of March. Winter month of January is quite cold across all major regions of Turkey. In January, one can encounter heavy rainfall as well as snowfall in the interiors of the country. Temperature of Turkey across the inland areas can drop below -30°Celsius during this month. Istanbul and Cappadocia, during January, have very cold weather conditions and one can also encounter light dusting of snow. Ankara and the rest of Central Anatolia may be covered in snow in January.
The areas of Eastern Turkey, including Erzurum, look beautiful with snow covering the ground. In this month, the Mediterranean region of Aegean and Marmara Sea experience mild winters with high rate of precipitation. The winter month features a mix of little sunshine, cloud and limited rainfall in certain areas.
Preview of the weather in Turkey throughout the year is tabulated as follows:
Month Average maximum temperature (°Celsius)
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